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With school back in session, it’s a good time to remember the signs, symptoms, and dangers of mononucleosis, or “mono” for short. It is most common in children and young adults, and is known to spread around schools. The article below outlines all you need to know. This article was originally published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
About Infectious Mononucleosis
Infectious mononucleosis, also called “mono,” is a contagious disease. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the most common cause of infectious mononucleosis, but other viruses can also cause this disease. It is common among teenagers and young adults, especially college students. At least one out of four teenagers and young adults who get infected with EBV will develop infectious mononucleosis.
- extreme fatigue
- sore throat
- head and body aches
- swollen lymph nodes in the neck and armpits
- swollen liver or spleen or both
- drinking fluids to stay hydrated
- getting plenty of rest
- taking over-the-counter medications for pain and fever
- more white blood cells (lymphocytes) than normal
- unusual looking white blood cells (atypical lymphocytes)
- fewer than normal neutrophils or platelets
- abnormal liver function